A day of birth for the Cuban nation

By Diosmel Galano Oliver/Radio Camagüey

October, 2021.- On October 20, 1868, the Bayamo anthem was sung publicly for the first time, which would become the National Anthem; a moment in which culture would give a sign of support to the emancipatory process that the Island would experience since then.

After the capture of that city and in the midst of the mambisa effervescence, Perucho Figueredo wrote the verses of the patriotic song that were circulated from hand to hand and intoned by an enraged crowd that did not stop humming their music.

Thus an unmistakable melody was put to the machete charges of the mambisas troops against Spanish colonialism, to the tanganas that the workers and students carried out in the face of the excesses of the republican governments, they were the stanzas that accompanied the Rebel Army in each combat.

In 1980, October 20 was established as the Day of Cuban Culture, by means of a decree that proclaimed in one of its Por Cuantos: “We recognize in the Cuban National Anthem, our Bayamesa, the symbol in which the sentiment of love for the country and the decision to fight, the artistic expression of that cultural act par excellence in which the people affirm and conquer their full identity, the liberating war”.

As a symbol of the Homeland, respect for its teachings, care in intonation, protection of the ideals that go into each word, in each verse, constitutes a duty of those who in any part of the world feel proud to be citizens of the Greater of the Antilles.

“A revolution educates, a revolution fights ignorance and ignorance, because in ignorance and ignorance are the pillars on which the entire building of lies is supported, the entire building of misery, the entire building of exploitation”.

Fidel (1961)

At the graduation ceremony of the first year of the Schools of Art Instructors, in Plaza Ernesto Che Guevara in Santa Clara, on October 20, 2004, Commander-in-Chief Fidel Castro Ruz referred to the significance of that momentous date.

“The interpretation of the Anthem on October 20 coincides with the act of arms with which the Revolution achieves the first and most important victory over the Spanish colonial troops. The capitulation of Bayamo and the victorious entry of Céspedes, represent the culmination of the act of rebellion that began on October 10 at the La Demajagua sugar mill, which marked a turning point in the history of the country and gave birth, on the rubble of the first colonial strongholds, the Cuban nation”.

With that emotion that overwhelms when the warrior anthem is heard and the full heart serves to demonstrate to all the path of struggle and determination that forged the national identity, emotions that will know how to guide the country in the face of the new challenges it faces today. (With information from ACN) (Photos: Internet) (Translated by Linet Acuña Quilez)

“Art and the spoken word, artistic culture and the revolutionary message have become almost inseparable in our historical process. Knowledge, general culture and political awareness are rapidly deepening”.

Fidel (2000)

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